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SPQ20 sport psychology test  

SPQ20 sport psychology assessment test

The SPQ20 sport psychology assessment test provides a rich picture of an athlete's mental approach, mental toughness and team leadership/captaincy potential.

The assessment measures twenty psychological dimensions covering personality factors and mental skills and competencies.

The feedback report describes the athlete's profile using athletic style matrices and performance scorecards and provides practical tips for performance improvement.

 
 

Work ethic-resilience matrix

The work ethic-resilience matrix is a framework created to evaluate the performance position of the athlete and his or her potential. It classifies athletes into four psychological types based on work ethic and resilience. We will talk more about the components of work ethic and resilience and the scales that measure these factors later in the presentation. These two dimensions reveal the competitiveness and mental strength of an athlete.

The general purpose of the analysis is to help understand where an athlete should focus to improve their performance and realize their potential. The matrix identifies four types of sportsmen and sportswomen.

Confident competitor. These athletes excel in competitiveness and mental resilience. They feel positive about their game, are mentally strong, are motivated to achieve and have the will to win.

Tense competitor. These athletes excel in competitiveness but lack mental resilience. They have the drive to word hard to realize their potential but they lack self-belief at the time of testing.

Easygoing underachiever. These athletes excel in confidence but lack the motivation to achieve.  They present as sure of themselves and free of stress but they lack the work ethic and competitive spirit to work hard to develop and realize their potential.

Anxious underachiever. These athletes present as unsure about their abilities and their potential at the time of testing. They need help and support to boost their confidence and increase their motivation to achieve.

sport psychology work ethic resilience matrix

Power-sportsmanship matrix

The power-sportsmanship matrix has been created to help athletes understand their teamworking style and leadership potential. It classifies athletes into four psychological types based on power motivation and sportsmanship. We will explain the concepts of power motivation and sportsmanship and the scales that measure these factors shortly.

Being an elite athlete requires relationship and team working skills. It is not just about you as an individual, it is about you as a member of a broader team even when you are playing in an individual sport. The athletes that create the most favorable impression with their coaches, supporters, sponsors and team mates are those that handle themselves well and demonstrate people skills.

The general purpose of the analysis is to help an athlete understand their team working style and leadership style and potential. The matrix identifies four types of sportsmen and sportswomen.

Democratic captain. These athletes are motivated by power, personal status and prestige, and a need for friendly relationships. They like to lead and like to be accepted and held in popular regard. This makes them natural and popular team leaders.

Controlling captain. These athletes have the desire to lead, to be influential and make an impact, but they do not have the desire to be liked and held in popular regard. This often means that they need to work hard to take people with them.

Team player. These athletes are not motivated by power and authority so they are likely to be reluctant leaders. They do like to be accepted and held in popular regard, however, which makes them natural team players.

Individual player. These athletes do not have the desire to lead or the desire to be liked and held in popular regard. They tend to prefer doing things on their own and do not seek the company or approval of fellow contestants.

spq20 team leadership potential matrix

Work ethic scorecard

An athlete's scores on the individual SPQ20 mental skills and personality scales are shown on four scorecards. This scorecard shows an athlete's profile on the seven scales that contribute to the Achievement Drive and Competitiveness factor.

SCALE DEFINITION
  Achievement This scale measures whether you are motivated to train hard and are prepared to make personal sacrifices to achieve excellence.
  Adaptability This scale measures whether you are open to new ideas and suggestions, and whether you keep up with technical developments.
  Competitiveness This scale assesses the degree to which you enjoy competing and want to get in the winner’s circle.
  Conscientiousness This scale indicates the extent to which you prepare thoroughly, show self-discipline, and stay with the plan.
  Visualization This scale indicates how far you make use of imagery to help play well, rehearse performances, and stay calm.
  Intuition This scale gauges the extent to which you use your instincts and intuition in making performance decisions.
  Goal Setting This scale assesses whether you have set priorities and goals to help manage your development as an athlete.

 

Resilience scorecard

This scorecard shows an athlete's profile on the eight scales that contribute to the Confidence and Resilience factor.

SCALE DEFINITION
  Managing pressure This scale assesses how effectively you handle anxiety and tension before important events.
  Self-efficacy This scale indicates how much self-confidence you possess and how quickly you bounce back from setbacks.
  Fear of Failure Control This scale indicates the degree you are afraid of failing, letting people down, and not living up to your own and other people’s expectations.
  Flow  This scale assesses how far you are able to immerse yourself in your performance and play in the zone.
  Stress management This scale measures whether you are experiencing burnout symptoms such as apathy, fatigue, anxiety, and isolation.
  Emotions  This scale assesses how far you are able to regulate your feelings and emotions to maximise your performance.
Self-talk This scale shows the extent to which you talk positively to yourself to maintain motivation, stay calm, and perform well.
  Self-awareness This scale assesses whether you ask for feedback, demonstrate awareness of your strengths and weaknesses, and reflect on your performance.

 

Sportsmanship scorecard

This scorecard shows an athlete's profile on the three scales that contribute to the Interaction and Sportsmanship factor.

SCALE DEFINITION
  Ethics This scale assesses whether you have strong principles, behave ethically, and show sportsmanship.
  Empathy This scale measures the extent to which you listen to and show concern for other contestants’ views, feelings, and needs.
  Relationships This scale reveals the degree to which you develop relationships, engage in conversation, and socialize with other athletes.

 

Power scorecard

This scorecard shows an athlete's profile on the two scales that contribute to the Power Motivation and Aggressiveness factor.

SCALE DEFINITION
  Aggressiveness This scale measures the extent to which you adopt an aggressive attitude and tend to intimidate opponents.
  Power This scale assesses the extent to which you enjoy having authority over people and aspire to leadership positions.

 

Read the user manual

If you are interested in finding out more about what the SPQ20 measures and its technical properties, read the User Manual.