SPQ20 Psychometric Properties
The SPQ20 is a PTC Registered test.
Click here to download
the User Manual descrbing the
SPQ20's psychometric properties
Areas of use
Sport counselling, training, advice,
guidance and career choice.
Intended mode of use
Password restricted and open access
Internet delivered test.
Populations for which the test is intended
Professional and amateur athletes aged
Number of scales and brief description of
the variable or variables measured by the instrument
4 higher order factors: Achievement and
Competitiveness, Confidence and Resilience, Interaction and
Sportsmanship, Power and Agressiveness.
21 primary scales: Achievement,
Adaptability , Competitiveness, Conscientiousness,
Visualization, Intuition, Goal Setting, Managing Pressure,
Self-Efficacy, Fear of Failure Control, Flow, Stress
Management, Emotions, Self-Talk, Self-Awareness, Ethics,
Empathy, Relationships, Aggressiveness, Power, Impression
No of test items
168 items; 8 items per scale.
Computerised web-based application –
unsupervised self assessment.
Time required for
administering the instrument
Administration takes 10-15 minutes.
Scoring, analysis and feedback take under 1 minute.
Scoring procedure for the test
Computer scoring with direct entry of
responses by test taker.
Scale scores are the sum of scale items.
for standard scores
Normalised – scores obtained by use of
normalisation look-up table.
Standard Ten Scores.
Integrated text and graphics.
Medium - a mixture of simple descriptions
and some configural descriptions.
The report is constructed around the 6
higher order factors and 20 primary scales.
Based on interpretive judgement of one
Not modifiable (fixed print-only output).
Degree of finish
Clear linkage between scale scores and
Style and tone
Athletes and coaches.
Appropriateness for local use, whether
local or international norms
Large international sample with good
relevance for intended application. Sample size Large –
foundations of the constructs
Synthesis of research on sport psychology.
Good coverage of sport psychology factors
and correlations with reported success. Median correlation
between the test and marker variables = 0.6
Median of coefficients = 0.7