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Goal setting

Achievement drive
Goal setting
goal setting in sport  

What goal setting means

Goal setting is a powerful technique for enhancing an athlete's performance.  Goals direct an athlete’s attention and efforts and goals encourage an athlete’s determination and resolve.  

Michael Jordan has said that he took things step by step and set reasonable, manageable goals that he knew he could realistically achieve if he worked hard. Michael Jordan approached goal setting with the end in mind knowing where he wanted to go and focusing on getting there. 


There are three types of goal.

Outcome goals are to do with the desired end result--for example, winning or performing better than someone else.

Process goals are to do with techniques and strategies to perform well. They help focus attention and help to control performance anxiety.

Performance goals specify standards to be achieved in play. They are about achieving personal sporting standards and they encourage mastery and excellence and lead to athletes feeling satisfied even if they do not win.  

Keys to setting goals

Here are some keys to goal setting to think about and measure yourself against.

   Develop a strategy with your coach with clear development stages for improving your overall game.  
   Consider the value of moving modesty, patiently, carefully and incrementally in order to achieve your goals.  
   Make sure you own you goals. Write them down.  
   Check whether your goals are SMART--that is, are specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and timed.  
   Invite feedback from your coach and fellow athletes on whether you are working on the right areas.  
   Continually review progress towards your objectives/goals and set new goals to replace achieved ones.    


Watch this video

To develop your understanding of goal setting, watch this motivational video by Michael Phelps. 


Read this book

Read 10-Minute Toughness: The Mental Training Program for Winning Before the Game Begins by Jason Selk.