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SPQ20 technical specification  

SPQ20 technical properties

The SPQ20 assessment test was designed to meet the standards of a modern psychometric test. This section provides a summary technical specification of the inventory covering key areas in the the EFPA Review Model for the Description and Evaluation of Psychological and Educational Tests.

The EFPA Test Review Criteria were largely modelled on the form and content of the British Psycho-logical Society's (BPS) test review criteria and criteria developed by the Dutch Committee on Tests and Testing (COTAN) of the Dutch Association of Psychologists (NIP).


EFPA is grateful to the BPS and the NIP for permission to build on their criteria in developing the European model. All intellectual property rights in the original BPS and NIP criteria are acknowledged and remain with those bodies.

Areas of use. Sport counselling, training, advice, guidance and career choice.  

Intended mode of use. Password restricted and open access Internet delivered test.  

Populations for which the test is intended. Professional and amateur athletes aged 16-65.    

Number of scales and brief description of the variable or variables measured by the instrument. 4 higher order factors: Achievement and Competitiveness, Confidence and Resilience, Interaction and Sportsmanship, Power and Agressiveness.     21 primary scales: Achievement,  Adaptability , Competitiveness, Conscientiousness, Visualization, Intuition, Goal Setting, Managing Pressure, Self-Efficacy, Fear of Failure Control, Flow, Stress Management, Emotions, Self-Talk, Self-Awareness, Ethics, Empathy, Relationships, Aggressiveness, Power, Impression Management.  

Items format. Normative.  

No of test items. 168 items; 8 items per scale.  

Administration mode. Computerised web-based application--unsupervised self assessment.  

Time required for administering the instrument. Administration takes 10-15 minutes. Scoring, analysis and feedback take under 1 minute.  

Scoring procedure for the test. Computer scoring with direct entry of responses by test taker.   Scores Scale scores are the sum of scale items.  

Score transformation for standard scores. Normalised – scores obtained by use of normalisation look-up table.  

Scales used. Standard Ten Scores.  

Report media. Integrated text and graphics.

Complexity. Medium - a mixture of simple descriptions and some configural descriptions.  

Report structure. The report is constructed around the 6 higher order factors and 20 primary scales.  

Sensitivity to context. One version.   Narrative Based on interpretive judgement of one expert.  

Modifiability. Not modifiable (fixed print-only output).  

Degree of finish. Publication quality.  

Transparency. Clear linkage between scale scores and text.  

Style and tone. Guidance.  

Intended recipients. Athletes and coaches.  

Appropriateness for local use, whether local or international norms. Large international sample with good relevance for intended application. Sample size Large – 5,000+.  

Theoretical foundations of the constructs. Synthesis of research on sport psychology.  

Construct validity. Good coverage of sport psychology factors and correlations with reported success.  Median correlation between the test and marker variables = 0.6

Internal consistency reliability. Median of coefficients = 0.7.