professionals today work with athletes in the
following types of area.
management. Athletes learn to use
breathing exercises, progressive relaxation
techniques, meditation, imagery/visualization, and
cognitive techniques such as thought stopping.
focusing. Skills training can cover
attention control training and techniques to expand
awareness—for example, attending to performance cues
and bodily sensations.
Skills training can cover
learning active listening and assertiveness training
helping to foster a positive and open climate.
setting. Goal setting programs help
athletes to focus on skill development rather than
outcomes, identify SMART objectives and regularly
Athletes learn how to use
their senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, hearing,
kinesthetic/muscular feel) to create experiences in
the mind to help prepare for performance, manage
anxiety and build self-confidence.
Athletes learn how to
identify and challenge negative or irrelevant
thoughts and replace negative thoughts with positive
building. Team building strategies are
used to improve communication, build trust and help
team members understand each other’s strengths
Watch this video
To help develop your
understanding of how sport psychology can help
improve athletic performance, watch this video by
Martin Hagger discussing the mental approach of elite
For more information about
sport psychology, go to the
Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP).